Principles Of Audio Lingual Method Pdf Download !NEW!
Though use of the audio-lingual method began with a perceived need to give troops basic survival communication tools before sending them to the front lines during World War II (our brave boys would have to be able to buy bread, interrogate prisoners, give orders, meet girls), the actual method rose from the work of structural linguists like Charles C. Fries and Robert Lado.
Principles Of Audio Lingual Method Pdf Download
Despite language teaching drifting away from using ALM as a full method, the materials that were developed for classroom use are still valid and useful and you can find many available for your modern language class. Textbook developers have wisely continued to include the best of audio-lingual in printed language materials. These same materials abound online.
As in many disciplines, the repetitive practice of basic constructs develops strength and agility for later improvisational work. In the audio-lingual method, this manifested itself in sentence structure drilling.
Everyday dialogues are probably the most familiar leftovers of the original audio-lingual method. Most modern language texts will include dialogue material and exercises, these often being the principle presentation text in a unit, especially in texts aimed at language use rather than language study for examination.
Communicative language teaching (CLT) and Audio-Lingual (ALM) student roles are not similar. Communicative language teaching emphasizes interaction. Audio-lingual methods are grammatically structured and presented through dialogues. The role of the student differs in both methods as the teaching approach differs.
Audio-lingual focuses on the student accurately mimicking the pronunciation and the grammatical structures in the dialogues that hear. An objective of the method is to enable students to use the targeted language automatically without the need to stop and think. Students are required to be imitators and to be consistently repetitive to learn the material effectively. ALM focuses on structure and form more than meaning.Communicative Language TeachingCommunicative language teaching uses interaction as the means of learning a language. The main objectives of CLT is to involve the students in the learning process so that their language develops automatically and to develop their communicative competence. CLT focuses on meaning more than structure and form.
Dialogue Drill is an outgrowth of the audio-lingual method. It is used to develop speaking skills and pronunciation accuracy. The Dialogue places language structures in a context. The Drills emphasize the teacher as a model that students mimic in order to practice grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary.
This module provides a description of the basic principles and procedures of the most recognized and commonly used approaches and methods for teaching a second or foreign language. Each approach or method has an articulated theoretical orientation and a collection of strategies and learning activities designed to reach the specified goals and achieve the learning outcomes of the teaching and learning processes.
This method is based on the principles of behavior psychology. It adapted many of the principles and procedures of the Direct Method, in part as a reaction to the lack of speaking skills of the Reading Approach.