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ADHD Attention Deficit Disorder - Practical Cop... !!TOP!!

  • processing.... Drugs & Diseases > Psychiatry Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Updated: Mar 31, 2022 Author: Stephen Soreff, MD; Chief Editor: Glen L Xiong, MD more...

  • Share Email Print Feedback Close Facebook Twitter LinkedIn WhatsApp webmd.ads2.defineAd(id: 'ads-pos-421-sfp',pos: 421); Sections Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Sections Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Overview Background

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Further Inpatient Care Prognosis Patient Education Show All Questions & Answers References Overview Background Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental condition of inattention and distractibility, with or without accompanying hyperactivity. There are 3 basic forms of ADHD described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) of the American Psychiatric Association: inattentive; hyperactive-impulsive; and combined. [1]

ADHD Attention Deficit Disorder - Practical Cop...

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According to DSM-5, the 3 types of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are (1) predominantly inattentive, (2) predominantly hyperactive/impulsive, and (3) combined. The specific criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are as follows: [1]

Narad et al. explored the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and development of secondary attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (SADHD). [11] They looked at concurrent cohort/prospective studies of children aged 3 to 7 years who were hospitalized overnight for TBI or orthopedic injury (OI; used as control group). A total of 187 children and adolescents were included in the analyses: 81 in the TBI group and 106 in the OI group. According to the results, early childhood TBI was associated with increased risk for SADHD. This finding supports the need for post-injury monitoring for attention problems. Consideration of factors that may interact with injury characteristics, such as family functioning, will be important in planning clinical follow-up of children with TBI.

Many children with ADHD also have a learning disorder (LD). This is in addition to other symptoms of ADHD, such as difficulties paying attention, staying on task, or being organized, which can also keep a child from doing well in school.

Strine, T.W., Lesesne, C.A., Okoro, C.A., McGuire, L.C., Chapman, D.P., Balluz, L.S., & Mokdad, A.H. (2006). Emotional and behavioral difficulties and impairments in everyday functioning among children with a history of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Prevention of Chronic Disorders, 3(2):A52. Epub 2006 Mar 15.

It is not atypical for young offenders to use aggression to handle problems. This exploratory study examined the contribution of social problem-solving deficit, criminal attitude, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms to aggression among incarcerated young offenders in Hong Kong. Correlational and regression analyses were conducted to identify factors that help to predict aggression. To control for the influence of ADHD symptoms, hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to reexamine the contribution of the identified factors. The results showed that negative problem orientation (NPO) and contemptuous attitudes toward the law, court, and police (LCP) helped to predict aggression at the current moment and 3 months later. After controlling for ADHD symptoms, only LCP but not NPO remained a significant predictor of both current and near-future aggression. This finding suggests that the contribution of criminal attitude to aggression tends to be independent of the effects of ADHD and social problem-solving deficit. We conclude by discussing the theoretical and practical implications of conceptualizing aggression and improving psychological services for young offenders.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder, with a prevalence that has increased since the 1990s.1 In the United States, there are significant geographical variations in the rate of diagnosis and treatment.1 The most recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)2 has revised the diagnostic criteria. To be diagnosed with ADHD, a child or younger adolescent needs to meet 6 out of 9 possible inattentive symptoms (such as failing to give close attention to details or being easily distracted) and/or 6 out of 9 possible hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms (such as being "on the go" or difficulty waiting their turn). Furthermore, symptoms need to be present for at least 6 months, occur in at least 2 different settings, be present before 12 years of age, and not be better explained by another disorder. For older adolescents and adults, the number of required symptoms per category is reduced to 5 out of 9. There are three presentations of ADHD: (1) predominantly inattentive, (2) predominantly hyperactive/impulsive, and (3) combined, based on how many symptoms in each diagnostic category an individual meets. The inattentive presentation is used when an individual meets the necessary inattentive symptom count but does not for hyperactivity/impulsivity and vice versa. The combined presentation is used when an individual meets the necessary symptom count for both.

The prevalence of ADHD has been increasing at a rate greater than 3% each year since 1997.1,3 It is unclear what underlies this increase, including the degree to which it is caused by heightened awareness, changing diagnostic criteria, or misclassification. Medical management is considered a frontline treatment for ADHD, with the majority of treatments using U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved psychostimulant medications that reduce core symptoms of the disorder. Specifically, psychostimulants are effective in reducing distractibility, improving sustained attention, reducing impulsive behaviors, and improving activity level. Nonpharmacologic therapies (e.g., behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, psychosocial interventions, and complementary and alternative medicine interventions) are also in common use and can potentially address core symptoms of ADHD or the functional impairments that are associated with the disorder.

In addition to using stimulant medications alone, medication combinations to reduce behavioral and conduct symptoms associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder appear to be very effective. In several studies, this treatment combination was reported to be well tolerated and unwanted effects were transient.

Across England the 15 AHSNs are working to deliver a national adoption and spread programme which aims to transform the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) across the region. In March 2022 the programme was awarded the HSJ Partnership Award for best mental health partnership.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural disorder that includes symptoms such as inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness and affects around 5% of school-aged children worldwide.

Anxiety disorders and other comorbid conditions may come about as a result of living with ADHD. Having a comorbid anxiety disorder can make treatment more complicated. A health professional will define the areas of impairment (such as problems relating to attention or impulsivity at work or school, sleeping, or family life) and help select the most favorable treatment option.

Excellent focus, attention to detail, speed, and organization -- they are all things employers are looking for in employees and job candidates. But when you have ADHD, these and more can be a real challenge. It can make it tough to excel at work and sometimes even keep a job. You may feel restless or not be able to focus -- classic parts of having the disorder. But there are things you can do to help you get a job and thrive despite your ADHD. Sometimes it can be an asset.

ADHD is a developmental disorder associated with an ongoing pattern of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity. Symptoms of ADHD can interfere with daily activities and relationships. Although the symptoms typically appear in childhood, ADHD can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Learn more about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Neurodevelopmental disorders of inattention and disruptive behavior, such as Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), are among the most common youth mental health conditions across cultures. An efficacious and feasible solution to improving affected youth's ADHD/ODD is training existing school clinicians to deliver evidence-based intervention with fidelity. Despite initial promising results of training school clinicians to treat ADHD/ODD in settings suffering from high unmet need, such as Mexico, scalability is limited by a lack of researchers with capacity to train, monitor, and evaluate school clinicians in such efforts on a large scale. Thus, there is a need to develop more feasible interventions and training programs for school clinicians, as well as create a system with capacity for scalable training and evaluation, to combat the widespread impact ofADHD/ODD worldwide. Converting interventions and school clinician professional development programs for fully-remote delivery allows for more flexibility, accessibility, affordability, scalability, and promise for ongoing consultation than in-person options. Supporting scalable training for school clinicians could address a significant public health concern in Mexico, as only 14% of Mexican youth with mental health disorders receive treatment and less than half of those treated receive more than minimally adequate care. The study team is uniquely suited for this effort, given that they developed the only known school-homeADHD/ODD evidence-based intervention in Latin America-and-have developed a web-based training for U.S. school clinicians with promising preliminary results. The study team's prior studies and high levels of unmet need make Mexico an ideal location for this proposal; however, lessons learned could be used to expand scalable school clinician training for evidence-based intervention in other settings and/or for other disorders. Thus, this study focuses on conducting an open-trial of the fully-remote program and make iterative changes. It is predicted that: H1) school clinicians trained remotely will be satisfied and show improved evidence-based practice skills; H2)families and teachers participating remotely will be satisfied and youth will show improved ADHD/ODD; H3) observation/feedback from a 3-school open-trial will guide iterative changes to the remote program. 041b061a72


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